Author(s): Nancy C. Andreasen
Michelangelo was raised in a rustic village by a family of modest means. Shakespeare's father was a middle-class businessman. Abraham Lincoln came from a family of itinerant farmers. Yet all these men broke free from their limited circumstances and achieved brilliant careers as creative artists and leaders. How such extraordinary creativity develops in the human brain is the subject of renowned psychiatrist Nancy Andreasen's "The Creating Brain". Andreasen explains here how the brain produces creative break-throughs in art, literature, and science, revealing that creativity is not the same thing as intelligence. She scrutinizes the complex factors involved in the development of creativity, including the role of patrons and mentors, "non-standard" educations, and the possession of an "omnivorous" vision. A fascinating interview with acclaimed playwright Neil Simon sheds further light on the creative process. The relationship between genius and insanity also plays an important role in Andreasen's examination.
Drawing on her studies of writers in the Iowa Writers' Workshop and other scientific evidence, Andreasen asserts that while creativity may sometimes be linked to mental disorders and may be partially due to familial/genetic factors, neither is inevitable nor needed for creativity to flourish. Scientists' increasing understanding of the brain's plasticity suggests even more possibilities for nurturing the creative drive, and Andreasen looks ahead to exciting implications for child-rearing and education. "The Creating Brain" presents an inspiring vision for a future where everyone - not just artists or writers - can fulfill their creative capacity.
Nancy C. Andreasen is the Andrew H. Woods Chair of Psychiatry and Director of the Mental Health Clinical Research Center at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics and an adjunct professor of psychiatry and neurology and director of the MIND Institute at the University of New Mexico. She has served for twelve years as the editor-in-chief of the American Journal of Psychiatry and has authored or edited twelve books, including The Broken Brain and Brave New Brain. She was awarded the National Medal of Science by President Clinton in 2000.